Summary of Data

Energy (a)

Type Unit 2007 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Total Combustion On-site (Direct) (d) 1,000 GJ 2,151 1,790 1,828 1,744 1,828 1,660 2,090 1,766 1,543 1,812
Natural Gas 1,000 GJ 1,848 1,390 1,400 1,322 1,371 1,207 1,100 1,017 1,009 1,037
Diesel 1,000 GJ 303 390 416 411 448 443 988 748 533 773
Propane 1,000 GJ - 10 11 11 10 9.3 2.6 1.2 1.2  1.3
Total Purchased Energy (Indirect) (e) 1,000 GJ 2,190 2,059 1,990 1,962 1,983 1,876 1,619 1,518 1,551 1,474
Fossil Fuel 1,000 GJ 1,541 1,545 1,435 1,418 1,419 1,314 1,039 937 894 798
Hydro 1,000 GJ 287 191 210 200 217 123 131 129 133 146
Nuclear 1,000 GJ 240 195 185 185 178 148 141 132 96 103
Nonspecified Renewables 1,000 GJ 106 114 152 144 156 277 299 301 347 420
Nonspecified 1,000 GJ 16 13 8.3 14 13 13 8.3 19 81  7.1
Total Energy from Utilities 1,000 GJ 4,341 3,849 3,817 3,706 3,812 3,535 3,709 3,284 3,094 3,286
Total Energy Normalized to Net Sales 1,000 GJ/$B net sales 303 231 210 192 182 161 170 146 139 136

Carbon (a)

Type Unit 2007 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Total Carbon Combustion On-site (Scope 1) (f) 1,000 MT CO2Eq 126 98 101 96 103 94 125 104 89 107
Natural Gas 1,000 MT CO2Eq 104 70 71 67 71 62 56 51 51   53
Diesel 1,000 MT CO2Eq 22 27 29 29 32 31 68 52 37   54
Propane 1,000 MT CO2Eq - 1 0.7 0.7 1.0 0.6 0.2 0.1 0.1  0.1
Total Carbon Purchased Energy (Scope 2) (g) 1,000 MT CO2Eq 290 287 263 258 266 198 154 160 160 136
Electricity 1,000 MT CO2Eq 284 283 259 254 263 195 150 156 160 136
Steam 1,000 MT CO2Eq 6.0 3.7 3.8 3.9 3.0 3.0 3.5 4.2 0.6  0.1
Total Carbon from Utilities 1,000 MT CO2Eq 416 385 363 354 369 291 278 263 249 243
Total Carbon from Utilities Normalized to Net Sales 1,000 MT CO2Eq/$B net sales 29.1 23.1 20 18 18 13 13 12 11   10
Total Carbon from Utilities Normalized to Total Energy MTCO2Eq/GJ 0.095 0.100 0.095 0.10 0.097 0.082 0.075 0.085 0.080 0.074
Confirmed Results of Carbon Reduction Projects (b,c) 1,000 MT CO2Eq - 84 8 10 13.5 20.2 34 42 49 5.9

Other Carbon (h, i , j)

Type Unit 2007 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Carbon Sales Fleet (Scope 1) 1,000 MT CO2Eq 13 15 16 13 13 16 32 44 40   27
Carbon Sales Fleet Emissions Avoided (Scope 1) 1,000 MT CO2Eq - 4.0 0.9 1.7 2.3 2.0 3.0 3.2 3.7  4.3
Carbon Executive Air Fleet (Scope 1) 1,000 MT CO2Eq 4.8 6.3 5.4 4.8 6.0 5.6 5.0 4.3 4.4  1.4
Carbon From Fugitive Emissions (Scope 1) 1,000 MT CO2Eq - - 4.2 5.5 4.0 1.6 2.1 8.6 3.1  3.7
Carbon from Purchased Goods and Services (Scope 3: Category 1) - - - - - - - - 2,414 2,324 2,316
Carbon from Capital Goods (Scope 3: Category 2) - - - - - - - - 263 258 210
Carbon from Fuel- and Energy-related activities (Scope 3: Category 3) - - - - - - - - 29 53   45
Carbon from Upstream transportation & distribution (Scope 3: Category 4) 1,000 MT CO2Eq - 25 27 25 29 24 40 33 23   21
Carbon from Waste generated in operations (Scope 3: Category 5) 1,000 MT CO2Eq - - - - - - 1.6 1.4 3.5  7.6
Carbon from Business Travel (Scope 3: Category 6) 1,000 MT CO2Eq - 65 67 65 74 78 85 59  56   13
Carbon from Employee Commuting (Scope 3: Category 7) 1,000 MT CO2Eq - - - - - - 60 56 56   14

Water (a)

Type Unit 2007 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Total Water Withdrawal (k,c) 1,000 CM 3,286 2,720 2,725 2,487 2,520 2,351 2,320 2,093 2146 2,355
Municipal 1,000 CM 3,249 2,707 2,712 2,482 2,453 2,341 2,293 2,080 2129 2,337
Other - (Reservoir) Trucked In 1,000 CM 8 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0    -  
Ground 1,000 CM 29 13 13 5 68 10 27 13 17   18
Total Water Withdrawal Normalized to Net Sales 1,000 CM/$B net sales 230 163 150 129 120 107 106 93 97 97
Water Fate (k) 1,000 CM - 2,720 2,739 2,487 2,512 2,335 2,319 2,093 2,146 2,355
Consumed Into Products 1,000 CM - 21 21 28 71 28 28 31 31   28
Lost to Evaporation 1,000 CM - 713 684 657 736 603 610 562 546 542
Discharged to Treatment 1,000 CM - 1,662 1,758 1,551 1,449 1,495 1,490 1,328 1,379 1,621
Discharged Directly to Environment 1,000 CM - 324 276 250 256 210 191 172 191 162
Recycled 1,000 CM - 535 655 525 759 642 608 572 548 567
Percentage of Water Recycled per Total Water Withdrawal % - 20 24 21 30 28 26 27 26 24%
Confirmed Results of Water Reduction Projects (b) 1,000 CM - 686 19 36 142 203 266 278 291 4.5

Waste (a,c)

Type Unit 2007 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Recycling Rate (l) % 34.9 52.8 51.3 50.4 52.1 54 49 49 48 52%
Total Routine Waste MT 10,146 9,018 8,780 8,929 10,054 10,330 9,856 9,642 9,818 9,841
Hazardous Waste MT 1,343 1,180 1,157 1,113 1,455 1,815 2,179 1,984 2,179 2,144
Recycled MT 251 245 105 84 190 286 281 281 230 367
Incinerated for Energy Recovery MT 375 347 402 387 447 683 901 795 988 797
Incinerated Not for Energy Recovery MT 523 422 468 473 683 726 860 738 855 885
Landfilled MT 118 126 147 132 102 94 115 89 78   66
Treated (m) MT 76 40 36 38 33 27 22 81 28   28
Nonhazardous Waste MT 8,803 7,838 7,623 7,816 8,599 8,515 7,677 7,658 7,640 7,697
Composted MT 260 583 532 628 947 814 761 728 745 775
Reused MT 32 44 274 178 153 159 129 176 249 216
Recycled MT 2,999 3,890 3,583 3,610 3,945 4,258 3,620 3,441 3,522 3,792
Incinerated for Energy Recovery MT 432 576 604 605 700 762 601 603 594 731
Incinerated Not for Energy Recovery MT 194 79 48 88 259 188 162 202 183   74
Landfilled MT 4,885 2,662 2,530 2,661 2,543 2,273 2,367 2,462 2,302 2,072
Treated (m) MT - 4 52 47 52 61 38 46 45   37
Total Routine Waste Normalized to Net Sales MT/$B net sales 709 542 483 462 480 472 452 428 442 406
Total Nonroutine Waste (n) MT 31,415 16,902 8,452 3,722 2,253 4,529 4,852 7,509 3,128 7,966
Confirmed Results of Routine Waste Reduction Projects (b) MT - 1,094 320 441 688 850 1,038 1,297 1,574 181

Fleet

Type Unit 2007 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Sales Fleet Fuel Efficiency (o) MPG 19 23 25 26 27 26 28 29 29 30
Sales Fleet Fuel Use Avoided 1,000 GAL - 427 104 289 498 704 1,031 1,472 1,869 1,869
Sales Fleet Fuel Use 1,000 GAL 1,498 1,739 1,738 1,381 1,414 1,750 3,415 4,695 4,227 2,831

Compliance (a)

Type Unit 2007 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Environmental Notices of Violation (NOVs) (p) # NOV 8 2 2 6 0 1 1 3 1 1

General

(a)
Amgen data includes specific measurements for energy, water and waste obtained from our operations, representing 88 percent of Amgen's worldwide facility space based on total square feet. Included facilities are in Thousand Oaks, California, U.S.; West Greenwich, Rhode Island, U.S.; Louisville, Kentucky, U.S.; South San Francisco, California, U.S.; Cambridge and Woburn, Massachusetts, U.S.; Juncos, Puerto Rico; Burnaby, Canada; Breda, Netherlands; Dun Laoghaire, Ireland; Uxbridge and Cambridge, United Kingdom; São Paulo, Brazil; Yenibosna and Sekerpinar, Turkey; and Tuas, Singapore. Energy and carbon data for the remaining 12 percent of facility space is estimated based on building energy intensity factors and country specific emission factors. This includes leased buildings where we have operational control over building infrastructure, including utilities.

(b)

Measurement and verification of conservation and reduction projects for energy and carbon, water and waste are based on adaptation of the International Performance Measurement and Verification Protocol (IPMVP). Project measurements are conducted using reasonable means, including direct measurements and scientific estimations as appropriate. Values for conservation and reduction projects represent year-over-year, cumulative and continuing avoidance based on a 2007 baseline for Amgen’s 2012 Environmental Sustainability Program (years 2008-2012); a 2012 baseline for Amgen’s 2020 Environmental Sustainability Program (years 2013-2019); and a 2019 baseline for Amgen’s 2027 Environmental Sustainability Program (years 2020-2027).  NOTE: 2020 Environmental Sustainability Program’s conservation targets were achieved ahead of schedule and the program was closed in 2019.  During program close-out, additional projects were identified and incorporated into calendar year 2019 reductions.


(c)
Non-material changes to 2007–2019 data may have occurred due to refinements in calculations. All changes have been confirmed through a documented change control process.

Energy

(d)
Direct onsite energy use results from the operation of equipment that is owned or controlled by Amgen. For facilities identified in note (a), data on the use of natural gas, propane and diesel in boilers, furnaces and HVAC is recorded from utility bills or purchase records. Data on the use of diesel in emergency generators is recorded from purchase records or meter readings and, in some cases, estimated from run-hours. Utility bills recorded in units of volume are converted to energy. Energy from emergency generators recorded as run-hours is estimated using the manufacturer's specified fuel-feed rate for each generator. For Amgen facilities where measurements are not obtained or available, usage is estimated from energy intensity factors based on building square footage.

(e)
Indirect onsite energy use results from purchased energy in the forms of electricity and steam. For facilities identified in note (a), data on the use of electricity and steam are recorded from utility bills. For Amgen facilities where measurements are not obtained or available, usage is estimated from energy intensity factors based on building square footage.

Carbon

(f)

Scope 1 carbon emissions result from direct energy sources defined in note (d). Additional Scope 1 Carbon emissions from sales fleet; executive air fleet; fugitive emissions from chillers, coolers and HVAC; carbon dioxide used for neutralization; and carbon dioxide resulting from cell respiration in manufacturing processes and biological wastewater treatment are found in the Other Carbon category in this data summary.

Carbon emissions from natural gas sources are calculated using the U.S. EPA's Center for Corporate Climate Leadership Emission Factors for Greenhouse Gas Inventories (26 March 2020) for all U.S. sites and locations not specifically listed below; the 2018 B.C. Best Practices Methodology for Quantifying Greenhouse Gas Emissions for Amgen's facility in Burnaby, Canada; the Ireland Country Specific Net Calorific Values and CO2 Emissions Factors for use in the Annual Installation Emissions Report- September 2020 for Amgen’s facility in Dun Laoghaire, Ireland; The Netherlands: list of fuels and standard CO2 emission factors version of 15 Apr 2020 for Amgen’s facility in Breda, Netherlands; and the U.K. Defra's Greenhouse gas reporting: conversion factors 2020 for Amgen’s facilities in Uxbridge and Cambridge, United Kingdom.  Carbon emissions data from propane and diesel fuel sources are calculated using U.S. EPA's Center for Corporate Climate Leadership Emission Factors for Greenhouse Gas Inventories (26 March 2020). Carbon data from direct energy sources prior to 2011 were calculated using emission factors from the Greenhouse Gas Protocol Cross-Sector Tools-Stationary Combustion-V.1.0 (July 2009).


(g)
Scope 2 carbon market-based emissions result from indirect energy sources defined in note (e). Carbon emissions from purchased electricity are calculated using supplier specific emission factors for Amgen’s facilities in Thousand Oaks and San Francisco, California; Woburn and Cambridge, Massachusetts; West Greenwich, Rhode Island; Dun Laoghaire, Ireland; and Cambridge and Uxbridge United Kingdom.  Carbon emissions from purchased electricity carbon emissions are calculated from U.S. EPA eGRID Summary Tables 2019 for Amgen’s facility in Louisville, Kentucky and Juncos, Puerto Rico.  Carbon emissions from purchased electricity for Amgen's facility in British Columbia, Canada are calculated using regional emission factors. Carbon emissions from purchased electricity for Amgen's Netherlands facility and Singapore facility are covered by a renewable energy certificates. Carbon emissions from Amgen’s remaining locations (including Brazil and Turkey) are calculated using emission factors from the International Energy Agency's CO2 emissions from fuel combustion 2020. Carbon data from purchased steam is calculated using an emission factor provided by the supplier for Amgen's facility in Cambridge, Massachusetts. Carbon data from indirect energy sources prior to 2011 were calculated using emission factors from U.S. EPA eGRID2007 Version 1.1 for U.S. facilities.

Other Carbon

(h)
The Other Carbon category contains additional Scope 1 and Scope 3 carbon emissions. Carbon emissions from our executive air fleet and sales fleet are calculated using emission factors from the U.S. EPA's Center for Corporate Climate Leadership Emission Factors for Greenhouse Gas Inventories (26 March 2020). U.S. sales fleet fuel usage and mileage data are collected at the pump for Amgen leased vehicles. Beginning in 2017, sales fleet incorporated international fleets, and in 2018 estimates were included for additional international locations and field workers operating long-term rental vehicles. Fugitive emissions from process equipment (e.g., refrigerant from refrigeration and HVAC equipment) are calculated using emission factors from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Processes are in place to maintain chillers, coolers and HVAC equipment to prevent unintended emissions.  Beginning in 2019 fugitive emissions include carbon emissions from purchased carbon dioxide and from on-site cell respiration in manufacturing and wastewater treatment operations.

(i)
Scope 3 carbon emissions are a consequence of the activities of the company but occur from sources not owned or controlled by the company. Scope 3 carbon emissions that are currently tracked include emissions from Amgen's purchased goods and services, capital goods, fuel-related activities, upstream material transportation, waste generated in operations, commercial business travel (air and rail), and staff commuting. Carbon emissions for Scope 3 Purchased Goods and Services and from Scope 3 Capital Goods are calculated using spend data and the Greenhouse Gas Protocols Scope 3 Evaluator tool.  Carbon emissions from Scope 3 Fuel- and Energy-related Activities are calculated using the U.K. Defra's Greenhouse gas reporting: conversion factors 2020. Carbon emissions from Scope 3 Upstream Transportation and Distribution have been provided by Amgen’s transportation carriers using their own specific methods or calculated using carrier data.  Carbon emissions from Scope 3 Waste Generated in Operations is calculated using the U.K. Defra's Greenhouse gas reporting: conversion factors 2020. Carbon emissions from Scope 3 Business Travel are calculated by Amgen's travel provider for air travel and internal information for hotel stays and rental car miles. Carbon emissions Scope 3 Employee Commuting are calculated using the Global Fuel Economy Initiative’s International Comparison of Light-Duty Vehicle Fuel Economy 2005-2015.

(j)
Carbon emissions from commercial business travel was not tracked in 2007 or 2008. Carbon emissions from material transportation was not tracked from 2007 to 2011. The accuracy of carbon emissions tracking from fugitive refrigerant emissions improved in 2013 and will now be reported going forward. Carbon emissions from staff commuting and waste disposal was not tracked prior to 2017. Carbon emissions from purchased goods and services, capital goods, and fuel-related activities were not tracked prior to 2018.

Water

(k)
Non-material discrepancy between values for total water fate and total water withdrawal is due to rounding and compilation of individual facility totals.

Waste

(l)
The recycle rate is the total routine recycled, composted and reused weight divided by the total weight of routine waste.

(m)
Treatment means the physical, thermal, chemical or biological processes that change the characteristics of the waste in order to reduce its volume or hazardous nature, facilitate its handling or enhance recovery.

(n)
Nonroutine waste constitutes waste generated outside the normal operations of our facilities and consists mainly of construction and demolition waste.

Fleet

(o)
Emissions and fuel use avoided are the result of improvements in fleet efficiency from years 2007 through 2012 based on a 2007 baseline and years 2013+ based on a 2012 baseline.

Compliance

(p)
Environmental notices of violation (NOVs) reported that resulted from agency inspections.

Apex Companies, LLC (Apex) has been engaged by Amgen to provide limited assurance of selected environmental and safety data. This Assurance Statement applies to the Subject Matter included within the scope of work. Please see our Independent Verification Statement  for additional information.